Digital Photography Techniques | The Best Photography Tips for Absolute Beginners
Digital Photography Techniques | Are you new to photography? Need some assistance finding out what all these confusing terms mean? Creating beautiful photographs involves (amongst many other things) a bit of thought and knowledge. While it generally helps to have decent equipment, all you really need is to take a moment before each shot to think carefully about what you are trying to capture or create. It’s easy to place the blame on the camera if your photographs aren’t as beautiful as some others you see online, but by following a couple of guidelines you can improve the quality of your photos – without having to spend huge amount of money for a professional camera.
Keep these very important and also very easy tips in mind next time you go out to capture the world around you.
1. Composition | Digital Photography Techniques
You hear photographers discuss about composition all the time, but what exactly is composition and how is it different from subject? In simple words, composition is the way that elements are arranged in an image. Composition includes all the elements in a photo, not just the main subject. For example, leading lines, as one of the composition techniques, have been used not only in photography but also in painting. It is a way to allure the admirer, to draw him further into the picture so that he can be lead into the scene. Leading lines are lines within the photo that lead the eye to another point of the image, or sometimes, out of the image. Anything with a definite line could be a leading line. Fences, bridges, even a shoreline can be a leading line.
2. Exposure | Digital Photography Techniques
Digital cameras can handle some exposure error, but understanding exposure correctly can certainly help improve your photography. Exposure is all about how much light you are allowing into the camera. Too much, and your photographs will be washed out, too little and they’ll be too dark. Mastering exposure is every bit as important for a digital photographer as it is for a film photographer. Common technical choices about metering, lens aperture and shutter speed remain the basic ingredients for a well-executed photograph.
3. Depth of Field | Digital Photography Techniques
Depth of field (DOF) is one of the most crucial factors in determining the look and feel of a photograph. It’s also the most overlooked for photographers moving from a point-and-shoot camera to a digital SLR photography. Depth of field is controlled by different aperture settings on your camera. Like our eyes, a camera lens has an iris inside that can open or close to let in more or less light. You control the size of this hole, or aperture, by changing the aperture setting, which is measured by utilizing a scale of f-stops. Also, longer focal lengths may appear to have a shallower depth of field because they enlarge the background in relation to the foreground (due to their narrower angle of view). This can make an out of focus background look even more out of focus because its blur has been enlarged.
4. ISO | Digital Photography Techniques
Basically, ISO is the level of sensitivity of your camera to available light. The lower the ISO number, the less sensitive your camera is to the light, while a higher ISO number increases the sensitivity of your camera. The component within your camera that can change sensitivity is called ‘image sensor’. Higher ISO settings are commonly used in darker situations to get faster shutter speeds. A good example is an indoor sports event, when you want to freeze the fast action in lower light. However the higher the ISO you choose the more noise your photos will have.