Photography Composition Techniques | The Most Effective Photography Composition Tips
Photography Composition Techniques | In photography, it’s not only what you shoot that counts – the way that you shoot it is essential, too. Not paying attention to photo composition can make a fantastic subject dull, but a well-set scene can create a stunning image from the most ordinary of situations. One of the first qualities of a photo that catches and captures a viewer’s attention is the composition. Great composition is something that instantly separates the amateurs from the professionals. How you place different objects in the photographic frame establishes the composition and works tremendously in the direction of creating a feeling greater than what the object would have in the real world. Understanding composition is something that every photographer needs to take time to do.
Without the necessity to invest in any expensive equipment, appreciating the elements of better composition will undoubtedly improve your photographic results.
1. Simplicity | Photography Composition Techniques
Some of the most dramatic photos have very simple but effective composition, the eye is lead into the image and the viewer can engage with a clear and effective shot. Great photos have a message they are trying to pass on. When you look at a scene your brain instantly picks out subjects of interest. But the camera doesn’t differentiate – it captures everything in front of it, which can lead to a cluttered, messy picture with no clear focal point. Avoid cluttered backgrounds; by altering the angle or the perspective and getting up close to your subject, you can often produce a photograph that is visually stunning and has no distracting or extraneous elements that reduce the impact of your composition. Try to keep the frame very simple, this helps the viewer to concentrate only on the subject.
2. Rule of Thirds | Photography Composition Techniques
One of the basic rules of composition is the rule of thirds, which has become an extremely common tool for amateur and professional photographers. The method consists of dividing the frame into thirds, vertically and horizontally so it actually becomes ninths, and then using those lines to efficiently bisect your image, using the lines to section off areas of the image and using the nodes at which the lines cross as crucial areas for points of interest. When you are composing the photo, placing the key elements at one of those four points is emphasizing the dynamics of your photo.
3. Balance | Photography Composition Techniques
Balance is at the base of every composition; it determines whether the photo is pleasing and harmonious to look at, or rather uncomfortable and unpleasing. If you look at balance in a literal sense, a very basic comparison comes to mind which is that of the weighing scales. Portraits can improve greatly by using formal balance, for example. Framing a subject in the middle of the frame for a portrait can help to minimize any visual distractions a background may contain. It’s always the safe way to frame a portrait in this way. Or, if you have a large object in the frame it should be counter balanced with a smaller object or objects to make a good composition.
4. Leading Lines | Photography Composition Techniques
When we look at a photograph our eye is naturally drawn along lines. By paying attention to how you place lines in your composition, you can affect the way the image is viewed, pulling the viewer into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey through the whole scene. Leading lines are all around us in towns and in nature. Your job as the photographer is to find them and compose them in your photo so that they lead in the direction of something, even if that something is infinity.